Low emissions car launched in Qatar

Qatari non-profit organization Gulf Organization for Research and Development (GORD) launched a low emissions car at the 2012 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 18) in Doha. The car was designed and developed in Qatar.

Revealed during a press conference at the Qatar National Convention Centre, the car in addition to an internal combustion engine, includes an automotive thermoelectric generator designed to capture waste heat to produce hydrogen. GORD expects the heat waste collecting system to be compatible with any gasoline or compressed natural gas car.

GORD chairman Dr Al-Horr summarised the key concepts of the invention in a statement saying, “Our car produces electricity at no cost by capturing thermal waste energy, reducing costs and eliminating the need for an external source of electricity. Also, bulky compressed-hydrogen cylinders are a thing of the past, as our concept accomplishes the production of hydrogen by using water through fuel cells integrated within the car.”

Most of the energy in Qatari vehicle comes from the the car’s gasoline tank, supplemented by a thin film photo-voltaic panel on the roof. Normally in a combustion engine, chemical energy stored in a fuel, such as gasoline, is converted into heat energy through combustion. This heat energy is then converted into mechanical energy, manifested as an increase in pressure in the combustion chamber due to the kinetic energy of the combustion gases. The kinetic energy of these combustion gases are then converted into work; because of the inefficiencies in converting chemical energy into useful work, internal combustion engines have a theoretical maximum effiecincy of 37% (with what is achievable in day to day applications being about half of this). Of the chemical energy in the consumed fuel used by an internal combustion engine 40% is dissipated as waste heat. However, the Qatari vehicle uses a thermoelectric generator to convert this waste heat into electricity. Such generators are used in space vehicles, and produce electricity when thermoelectric materials are subjected to a temperature gradient, the greater the gradient the greater the amount of electrcity produced. In the GORD vehicle the electricity produced is used to electrolyse potable water to produce hydrogen which can be introduced into the vehicle’s existing fuel system.

The researchers showed that the heat waste collection engine caused a decrease in the car’s emissions, including a decrease of carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide emissions by more than 50%, the fuel efficiency increasing by 20%. On its website, GORD said that the heat waste collector engine is universal, “Any car can be adapted to accommodate the system as it doesn’t alter any electro-mechanical systems”.

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6 Responses to "Low emissions car launched in Qatar"

  1. zan  December 7, 2012 at 9:58 am

    of course: in Qatar they will always try to make engines on petrol…
    half the world wants emission FREE cars with electric motors, but Qatar don’t want to cut in it’s own fingers.

    they have so much power… I’ll bet this ridiculous idea might score :(

    Reply
  2. Teo Rin  December 7, 2012 at 5:07 pm

    Actually it is not ridiculous, for the fact that the global infrastructure is not ready for all ellectric cars, with 0 emmisions (actually not true, because of the fact that electricity needs to be generated on some power plant of sorts). Furthermore, a change to all ellectric cars will have great impact on the global trade that is actually based on petroleum, a better idea is to approach this problem as an imfant, in order to walk and then run, an infant must first learn to crawl. Baby steps towards the future :D

    Reply
  3. Teo Rin  December 7, 2012 at 5:11 pm

    As an extra point, gasoline engines have a greater footprint in comparison to oil engines

    Reply
    • brotherbear  December 11, 2012 at 1:33 pm

      made the following comments in reply to your post

  4. brotherbear  December 11, 2012 at 1:29 pm

    Actually Tio, there would be an unlimited eternal source of electrical power from Tesla’s work. Not power plants using other environmentally harmful resources. It is the Big oil corporations, and politics, that keep oil, petrol, and gasoline (its all the same if you ask me) on the market. a sustainable future with electric power is viable for the economy, the people, and infrastructure.

    Reply
  5. brotherbear  December 11, 2012 at 1:31 pm

    Actually, we would all be in a much higher advanced state of technology globally, if we never used oil. Maybe even a higher advanced state of mind as well.

    Reply

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